This field within the medicine is devoted to help our body regeneration enhancing our biological processes, so our organs, tissues and system can keep working with balance. This part of the medicine tries to counteract what they are called degenerative diseases which have genetic and epigenetic causes. This way we can say that this type of medicine can give us a natural answer to many processes of degeneration. Body degeneration is becoming more usual nowadays due to a greater aging population.
Our body has a great regenerative power which erodes through time since the cells are not able to repair themselves as effective as usual because the cell clones are faulty and they are losing “information” like photocopies so every cell generation is not as good as the previous one.
We have a type of special cells which do a great job to repair the damaged tissue, they are called “Stem Cells” and they can convert into any type of cell to replace the ones that die, they are normally generated in the bone marrow and they travel from there to any part of the body to regenerate and do a great maintenance for the any organ, gland and system functionality.
There is a field within medicine that is called “Tissue Engineering” in which tissues can be redesigned from the biological components extracted from the patient or even from bio-identical substances from outside the body. This is being developed in many laboratories all over the world and tested in mice with success, though still this field needs more development with more conclusive results.